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Conservation Tips


Flushable Fact: A leaky toilet can waste hundreds of gallons of water per day, putting extra strain on your checking account and the environment. With water conservation becoming an increasingly important issue for the majority of Americans (95 percent), making water–conscious decisions is more prevalent than ever.


Check If Your Toilet Has Sprung a Leak

  1. Identify if your toilet is not working properly. Signs that the toilet is leaking include the sound of running water and the toilet turning on and off without being flushed.

  2. Think you have a Troublesome Toilet? Perform a simple "leak detection test":

    • First, take off the tank lid and flush the toilet.

    • As the tank starts to fill with water, drop in a Fluidmaster leak detection tablet or several drops of food coloring (red or blue works best); wait 10 minutes.

    • If there are any leaks at the flapper, the water in the toilet bowl will turn the color of the leak detection tablet or food coloring. This is a sure sign that it is time to replace your flapper and start saving water.

  3. Read your water meter before and after a two–hour period when no water is being used. If it isn't exactly the same, chances are you have a leak somewhere in the house; begin checking in the bathroom first.

  4. Be sure to look for hidden water leaks such as pipes that may be dripping under the toilet or faucet area.

  5. Water–Conscious Decisions: Replace Flappers and Fill Valves.

  6. Fill components fill the toilet from the water supply after the toilet tank has been emptied by a flush. If the toilet does not fill up after it has been flushed, you most likely have a toilet malfunction that is wasting water and costing you money.

  7. Replace fill valves with the Fluidmaster Leak Sentry™ Fill Valve, designed to prevent endless refilling of leaky tanks with its "locking" action, alerting users to the leak.

  8. Flush components of your toilet control the release of water from the tank into the bowl once the handle/lever has been pressed. If your toilet needs multiple flushes to clear the bowl, you may need to replace the flapper or adjust the water level in the tank.

  9. Start saving hundreds of gallons of water by replacing flappers with the Universal Water Saving Long Life Toilet Flapper (502) by Fluidmaster, which saves water by adjusting the amount of water used for a flush.

  10. If you have any leakage on the floor, behind or under the bowl, check out for more information on gaskets or connectors that could solve the problem.

  11. If the toilet handle frequently sticks in the open flush position, it is letting water run constantly. Replace or adjust the handle.

  12. Any toilet model can have parts damaged by in-tank, drop-in cleaners, containing chlorine, causing rust or erosion. Open the tank this month and take a look.

  13. Avoid unnecessary flushing. Dispose of tissues, insects and other similar waste in the trash rather than the toilet.

  14. Replace a 5.0 or 3.5 gallon per flush (gpf) toilet with High Efficiency 1.28 gfp toilet and begin to save.

  15. Trade out high-flow showerheads with new, low-flow models and save up to 230 gallons per week.

  16. Leaky faucets can waste up to 2,700 gallons of water each year, so check faucets in the kitchen and bathroom.

  17. Take shorter showers. Try a "Navy" shower: get wet, turn off the water, soap and scrub, then rinse.

  18. Turn off the tap while brushing teeth, since the average bathroom faucet flows at a rate of two gallons per minute.

  19. Don't let the water run while shaving or washing your face.

  20. Use three inches of water or less in the bath, which uses about 70 gallons, and save up to 100 gallons weekly.

  21. Rinse fresh produce in a kitchen sink or pan filled with water instead of under running water, saving up to 30 gallons per week.

  22. Wash only full loads of laundry. Running less-than-full loads can waste up to 100 gallons per week.

  23. Running the garbage disposal only on alternate days saves up to 25 gallons weekly.

  24. Using a pool cover not only keeps pool water cleaner and reduces the need for chemicals, it also saves up to 250 gallons of water per week by slowing evaporation.

  25. Save 100 gallons a week. Use a broom instead of running hose water to "sweep" your patio or sidewalks.

  26. Make sure your outdoor sprinkler systems are indeed watering the landscape or lawn, not the sidewalk or gutter.

  27. Brainstorm creative ideas for conserving water on a daily basis around the house with friends and family members.

  28. For kids, consider setting up a "Water Conservation Challenge," asking them to find ways to use less water at home and school; make it a neighborhood project.

  29. Consult with your local plumber on ways that they try to conserve water use in their customers' home.

  30. Contact your local water management center, local alderman or congressional representative to inquire about your community's water conservation programs.

  31. Subscribe to online water conservation newsletters such as or other green online publications.

  32. Visit for information on products that Save Water, Save Money and Make a Difference.